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English Book Club: Wuthering Heights by Emily Brönte

9780141439556Wuthering heights is Emily Brönte’s only novel. It was most probably written between October 1845 and June 1846 and it was published a year after, in 1847, under the pen name “Ellis Bell”.

Although Wuthering Heights is now a classic of English literature, contemporaneous reviews were deeply polarised; it was controversial because of its unusually stark depiction of mental and physical cruelty, and it challenged strict Victorian ideals regarding religious hypocrisy, morality, social classes and gender inequality. The novel is also about envy, nostalgia, pessimism and resentment.

Wuthering Heights is a wild, passionate story of the intense and almost demonic love between Catherine Earnshaw and Heathcliff, a foundling adopted by Catherine’s father. After Mr Earnshaw’s death, Heathcliff is bullied and humiliated by Catherine’s brother Hindley and wrongly believing that his love for Catherine is not reciprocated, leaves Wuthering Heights, only to return years later as a wealthy and polished man. He proceeds to exact a terrible revenge for his former miseries.

The book contains elements of gothic fiction, and another significant aspect is the moorland setting. The novel has inspired adaptations, including film, radio and television dramatisations, a musical, a ballet, operas, and a song by Kate Bush.

2018-07-31_bronteEmily Brönte was born in Thornton, Yorkshire, England, on July 30, 1818 the fifth child of Reverend Patrick Brontë and his wife, Maria Branwell Brontë.

The family moved to Haworth in April 1821. Only a few months later, Brontë’s mother died of cancer; her death came nearly nine months after the birth of her sister, Anne. Her mother’s sister, Elizabeth Branwell, came to live with the family to help care for the children.

At home she read extensively and began to make up stories with her siblings. In 1835, the shy Emily tried leaving home for school.

She went with Charlotte to Miss Wooler’s school in Roe Head where Charlotte worked as a teacher. But she stayed only a few months before heading back to Haworth. In time, also Anne and Charlotte became writers.


She became a teacher at the Law Hill School in September 1837, but she left her position the following March. Brontë and her sister Charlotte traveled to Brussels in 1842 to study, but the death of their aunt Elizabeth forced them to return home.

Emily Brontë died in Haworth, Yorkshire, England, on December 19, 1848—the same year that her brother, Branwell, passed away.

The English Book Club will meet again to coment this book on saturday October 26th. You can still sign in and join us! Become a member of the English Book Club!

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English Book Club: ‘Tales of the unexpected’ by Roald Dahl

{DFDE17A1-1570-4D00-997B-9D884A33E172}Img400Despite Roald Dahl is best known for his children’s books, he started writing short stories for adults.

As told on his biography, the first book he published was “One of you” (1946), a collection of stories based on his years as a pilot.

He wrote other collections for adults which achieved wide popularity, including “Someone like you” (1953), “Kiss, kiss” (1960) and “Switch bitch” (1974). A number of these stories were rewritten for television as “Tales of the unexpected”.

It is the development of the action rather than that of the characters that is central to Dahl’s writing, and his stories are characerized by the presence of an unusual twist at the end.

The characters are ordinary and respectable on the surface, but many of them have an unexpectedly dark and cruel side to their personality. Tension is built up around the relationships between the various characters. Often a husband and wife are involved in mind games in which their hatred for each other is rarely mentioned or acted on until it has built up to an unbearable level.

A harmless guessing game between two lovers of good wine suddenly becomes deadly serious, while a competition on board a ship has an even more serious result for one of the competitors.
These situations and more, develop in unexpected ways in this excellent collection.

dahlRoald Dahl was born in Wales to Norwegian immigrant parents. He was a prolific reader, and began writing at an early age, keeping a private journal starting at the age of eight.

His school experiences left him miserable. Recording the events helped him lay the groundwork for his later stories, such as Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, Matilda, James and the Giant Peach, The Witches, Fantastic Mr Fox, The BFG, The Twits and George’s Marvellous Medicine.

Dahl served in the Royal Air Force during the Second World War. Following the war, he was invited to lunch by C.S. Forester, author of Captain Hornblower. Forester asked him to write out his war experiences, thinking of it as a sort of interview.

He was so impressed by the writing quality that he didn’t change a word, and got the Post to pay Dahl $900 for it.

In 1943, Dahl’s first children’s book was published. It was a picture book called The Gremlins, which had been commissioned by Walt Disney as a book version of a movie script. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt was highly impressed by the book, and quickly befriended the writer.

More children’s stories were not penned until the 1960’s, after he had his own children. He used to tell his daughters stories at night, and these later became beloved books. Dahl also write screenplays for cinema and television.

The English Book Club will meet again to coment this book on saturday April 14th.

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English Book Club: ‘The importance of being earnest’ by Oscar Wilde

51V1EudWEnLThe importance of being earnest. A Trivial Comedy for Serious People is a play by Oscar Wilde.

First performed on 14 February 1895 at the St James’s Theatre in London, it is a farcical comedy in which the protagonists maintain fictitious personæ to escape burdensome social obligations.

Working within the social conventions of late Victorian London, the play’s major themes are the triviality with which it treats institutions as serious as marriage, and the resulting satire of Victorian ways.

The successful opening night marked the climax of Wilde’s career but also heralded his downfall. The Marquess of Queensberry, whose son Lord Alfred Douglas was Wilde’s lover, planned to present the writer with a bouquet of rotten vegetables and disrupt the show.

Wilde was tipped off and Queensberry was refused admission. Their feud came to a climax in court, where Wilde’s homosexuality was revealed to the Victorian public and he was sentenced to imprisonment. Despite the play’s early success, Wilde’s notoriety caused the play to be closed after 86 performances.

After his release from prison, he published the play from exile in Paris, but he wrote no further comic or dramatic work.

In contrast to much theatre of the time, the light plot of The Importance of Being Earnest does not tackle serious social and political issues, something of which contemporary reviewers were wary. Though unsure of Wilde’s seriousness as a dramatist, they recognised the play’s cleverness, humour and popularity with audiences.

oscar-wildeOscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde was born on October 16, 1854 in Dublin, Ireland.

Wilde was a bright and bookish child and, after graduating, won a scolarship to attend Trinity College. Upon graduating from Oxford, Wilde moved to London to focus on writing poetry, publishing his first collection, Poems, in 1881.

On May 29, 1884, Wilde married Constance Lloyd. They had two sons.

Beginning in 1888 Wilde entered a seven-year period of furious creativity, during which he produced nearly all of his great literary works. Around the same time, Wilde commenced an affair with a young man named Lord Alfred Douglas.

Further events belated to this relatiosnhip (trial and imprisonment of the autor) marked Wilde’s life and health. Wilde died of meningitis on November 30, 1900 at the age of 46.

Wilde is still remembered for his personal life—his exuberant personality, consummate wit and infamous imprisonment for homosexuality—. Nevertheless, his witty beautiful works, in particular his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray and his play The Importance of Being Earnest, are considered among the great literary masterpieces of the late Victorian period.

The English Book Club will meet again to coment this book on saturday February 16th.

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English Book Club – ‘Rebecca’ by Daphne DuMaurier

61D4Sv0kK9L._SX317_BO1,204,203,200_Rebecca is a gothic novel by english author Daphne du Maurier. Some commentators have noted parallels with Charlotte Brontë’s Jane Eyre.

Du Maurier commented publicly in her lifetime that the book was based on her own memories of Menabilly and Cornwall, as well as her relationship with her father.

The novel tells the story of a young woman who, while working as the companion to a rich American woman on holiday in Monte Carlo, becomes acquainted with a wealthy Englishman, George Fortescue Maximilian “Maxim” de Winter, a 42-year-old widower.

After a fortnight of courtship, she agrees to marry him and, after the wedding and honeymoon, accompanies him to his mansion in Cornwall, the beautiful West Country estate Manderley.

While du Maurier categorised Rebecca as a study in jealousy… she admitted its origins in her own life to few. Her husband had been engaged before – to glamorous, dark-haired Jan Ricardo.

Du Maurier and her husband, like Rebecca and Maximilian de Winter, were not faithful to one another. Subsequent to the novel’s publication, Jan Ricardo, tragically, died during the Second World War. She threw herself under a train.

daphne-du-maurier-kgbH--620x349@abcDame Daphne du Maurier, Lady Browning (13 May 1907 – 19 April 1989) was an English author and playwright. She was born in London, the middle of three daughters of prominent actor-manager Sir Gerald du Maurier and actress Muriel Beaumont.

Du Maurier was often categorised as a “romantic novelist”, a term that she deplored, given her novels rarely have a happy ending, and often have sinister overtones and shadows of the paranormal.

In this light, she has more in common with the “sensation novels” of Wilkie Collins and others, which she admired.

Du Maurier’s short stories are darker: The Birds, Don’t Look Now, The Apple Tree, and The Blue Lenses are finely crafted tales of terror that shocked and surprised her audience in equal measure.

In later life, she wrote non-fiction, including several biographies such as Gerald, her father’s biography.

Rebecca has been adapted several times. The best known of these is the Academy Award winning 1940 Alfred Hitchcock film version Rebecca. The film, which starred Sir Laurence Olivier as Max, Joan Fontaine as the heroine, and Dame Judith Anderson as Mrs Danvers, was based on the novel.

The English Book Club will meet again to coment this book on saturday January 19th.

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English Book Club: ‘Leaves of grass’ by Walt Whitman

9780451419170In 1855, Whitman, finally finding the style and voice he’d been searching for, self-published a slim collection of 12 unnamed poems with a preface titled Leaves of Grass.

Leaves of Grass marked a radical departure from established poetic norms. Tradition was discarded in favor of a voice that came at the reader directly, in the first person, in lines that didn’t rely on rigid meter and instead exhibited an openness to playing with form while approaching prose. On the book’s cover was an iconic image of the bearded poet himself.

Leaves of Grass received little attention at first. The following year, Whitman published a revised edition of Leaves of Grass that featured 32 poems, including a new piece, “Sun-Down Poem”.

Like its earlier edition, this second version of Leaves of Grass failed to gain much commercial traction. In 1860, a Boston publisher issued a third edition of Leaves of Grass. The revised book held some promise, and also was noted for a sensual grouping of poems—the “Children of Adam” series, which explored female-male eroticism, and the “Calamus” series, which explored intimacy between men.

The book is now a landmark in American literatura.

Walt Whitman was born on May 31, 1819 in West Hills, New York. He grew up in a family of modest means. At 11, Walt Whitman was taken out of school by his father to help out with household income.

He started to work as an office boy for a Brooklyn-based attorney team and eventually found employment in the printing business. When he was 17, Whitman turned to teaching, working as an educator for five years. In 1838 he had started a weekly called the Long Islander and in 1846 he became editor of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle.

Whitman proved to be a volatile journalist, with a sharp pen and a set of opinions that didn’t always align with his bosses or his readers. He backed what some considered radical positions on women’s property rights, immigration and labor issues.

In 1848 Whitman left New York for New Orleans, where he became editor of the Crescent. It was a relatively short stay for Whitman—just three months—but it was where he saw for the first time the wickedness of slavery. He often worried about the impact of slavery on the future of the country and its democracy.

On March 26, 1892, Walt Whitman passed away in Camden. Right up until the end, he’d continued to work with Leaves of Grass, which during his lifetime had gone through many editions and expanded to some 300 poems.

The English Book Club will meet again to coment this book on saturday December 15th.

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English Book Club: Frankenstein or the modern Prometheus. By Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley

The book: Frankenstein or the modern Prometheus
frankensteinFrankenstein is a novel that tells the story of Victor Frankenstein, a young scientist who creates a grotesque, sapient creature in an unorthodox scientific experiment. Shelley started writing the story when she was 18, and the first edition of the novel was published anonymously in London on 1 January 1818. Her name first appeared on the second edition, published in France in 1823.
Shelley travelled through Europe in 1814, journeying along the river Rhine in Germany with a stop in Gernsheim, near of Frankenstein Castle, where, two centuries before, an alchemist was engaged in experiments. She also visited Lord Byron at the Villa Diodati in Switzerland. The weather was consistently too cold and dreary that summer caused by the eruption of Mount Tambora in 1815, so the group retired indoors until dawn. The company amused themselves by reading German ghost stories from the book Fantasmagoriana, then Byron proposed the famous bet. It was after midnight before they retired, and unable to sleep, she became possessed by her imagination as she beheld the grim terrors of her “waking dream”
She began writing what she assumed would be a short story. With Percy Shelley’s encouragement, she expanded the tale into a full-fledged novel. Shelley wrote the first four chapters in the weeks following the suicide of her half-sister Fanny.This was one of many personal tragedies that impacted Shelley’s work.
Frankenstein has been both well received and disregarded since its anonymous publication. Some papers said about the novel: “very bold fiction” or “a tissue of horrible and disgusting absurdity”.
The British Critic knowing who the author was wrote:”The writer of it is a female; this is an aggravation of that which is the prevailing fault of the novel; but if our authoress can forget the gentleness of her sex, it is no reason why we should; and we shall therefore dismiss the novel without further comment”.

The author: Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley

mary sheley

Mary Shelley was born Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin in Somers Town, London, in 1797. She was the second child of the feminist philosopher Mary Wollstonecraft, and the first child of the philosopher William Godwin. She was raised by Godwin, who was able to provide his daughter with a rich, informal education. Godwin married Mary Jane Clairmont, a well-educated woman with two young children of her own. Mary came to detest her stepmother.
In 1814, Mary began a romance with Percy Bysshe Shelley, who was already married. Together with Mary’s stepsister, left for France and travelled through Europe for a time. They struggled financially and faced the loss of their first child in 1815. The following summer, the Shelleys were in Switzerland with Jane Clairmont, Lord Byron and John Polidori. The group entertained themselves one rainy day by reading a book of ghost stories. Lord Byron suggested that they all should try their hand at writing their own horror story. It was at this time that Mary Shelley began work on what would become her most famous novel, Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus. The book debuted in 1818 as a new novel from an anonymous author. Many thought that Percy had written it since he penned its introduction. The book proved to be a huge success.
Upon their return to England, Mary was pregnant with Percy’s child. Over the next two years, she and Percy faced ostracism, constant debt, and the death of their prematurely born daughter. They married in late 1816, after the suicide of Percy Shelley’s first wife. Mary’s life was rocked by another tragedy in 1822 when her husband drowned. Made a widow at age 24, Mary Shelley worked hard to support herself and her son. She wrote several more novels, including Valperga and the science fiction tale The Last Man (1826).
Mary Shelley died of brain cancer on February 1, 1851, at age 53, in London, England. She was buried at St. Peter’s Church in Bournemouth.

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English Book Club: ‘The long good-bye’ by Raymond Chandler

imgThe long goodbye is a novel by Raymond Chandler, published in 1953, his sixth novel featuring the private investigator Philip Marlowe. Some critics consider it inferior to The big sleep or Farewell, my lovely, but others rank it as the best of his work. Chandler, in a letter to a friend, called the novel “my best book”

Down-and-out drunk Terry Lennox has a problem: his millionaire wife is dead and he needs to get out of LA fast. So he turns to the only friend he can trust: private investigator Philip Marlowe. Marlowe is willing to help a man down on his luck, but later Lennox commits suicide in Mexico and things start to turn nasty. Marlowe is drawn into a sordid crowd of adulterers and alcoholics in LA’s Idle Valley, where the rich are suffering one big suntanned hangover. Marlowe is sure Lennox didn’t kill his wife, but how many stiffs will turn up before he gets to the truth?

This novel was dramatised for television in 1954 for the anthology series Climax!, with Dick Powell playing Marlowe, as he had a decade earlier in the film Murder, my sweet. This live telecast is memorable for an incident in which the actor Tris Coffin, whose character had just died, thinking he was out of camera range, stood up and walked away while in view of the TV audience.

In 1973, Robert Altman filmed an adaptation set in contemporary Los Angeles, with Elliott Gould as Marlowe.

raymond-chandler_43ee3d22_220x290Raymond Chandler was born on July 23, 1888, in Chicago, Illinois. Upon his parents’ divorce, he relocated with his mother to South London, England. He returned to the United States in 1912, settling in Southern California.

After serving in the first World War, Chandler took on a bookkeeping job with an oil company, working his way up to a top position but lost his job in the early 1930s, and hence returned to his earlier love of writing, crafting stories that would find a home in pulp fiction magazines.

In 1939, he debuted his popular first novel The big sleep. His books featured the detective Philip Marlowe, who became an iconic figure of the fictional private investigator genre, with Chandler becoming renowned for his distinctive language, ideas and vision of Los Angeles. He is considered to be a founder of the hard-boiled school of detective fiction.

With his wife’s death in 1954, Chandler became deeply depressed. Chandler suffered from a variety of health issues and his physical decline was exacerbated by alcohol abuse. He died from bronchial pneumonia on March 26, 1959 in La Jolla, California.

The English Book Club will meet again to coment this book on saturday October 20th.

Here you can see the movie trailer of the Robert Altman’s movie.

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English Book Club: Cathedral

The novel: Cathedral

portada“Cathedral” is the title of a collection of short stories published in 1983. It was the first story written after finishing What We Talk About When We Talk About Love and it is considered as one of the most relevant exemples of the “dirty realism”.
Dirty realism stories are about middle-class characters and the disappointments, heartbreaks, and harsh realities of their ordinary lives. Many of Carver’s short stories, including “Cathedral,” are prime examples of the dirty-realist style.
Carver finishes “Cathedral” with a “zero ending”. A zero ending is an ending that doesn’t neatly tie up the strands of a story. It may not even seem like an ending—in some cases, the writer may seem to have left off in the middle of a thought or idea. Instead of tacking on a florid conclusion that leaves everyone satisfied, Carver often stops his stories abruptly, at the moment when his characters are faced with a stark realization, glimmer of hope, or wall of confusion.
However, controversy arose over the nature of Carver’s writing—and even his lasting literary reputation—in the early 21st century. It was revealed that his long-time editor, Gordon Lish, had drastically changed many of Carver’s early stories. While Lish’s significant involvement in Carver’s writing had long been suspected, the extent of his editing became public knowledge when, in 2007, Carver’s widow, the poet Tess Gallagher, announced that she was seeking to publish the original versions of the stories in What We Talk About When We Talk About Love (which appeared as Beginners in the U.K. and also as part of the Library of America’s Raymond Carver: Collected Stories [both 2009]). Lish was shown to have changed characters’ names, cut the length of many stories (over 75 percent of the text in two cases), and altered the endings of some stories. However, most of Carver’s famously terse sentences were his own, as was the hallmark bleak working-class milieu of the short stories.

The author: Raymond Carver

Raymond Clevie Carver (May 25, 1938, Clatskanie, Oregon — August 2, 1988, Port Angeles, Washington)raymond-carver was an American short-story writer and poet whose realistic writings about the working poor mirrored his own life.
He married a year after finishing high school and supported his wife and two children by working in several jobs. He became seriously interested in a writing career after taking a creative-writing course at Chico State College in 1958. His short stories began to appear in magazines while he studied at Humboldt State College (B.A., 1963). Carver’s first success as a writer came in 1967 with the story “Will You Please Be Quiet, Please?,” and he began writing full-time after losing his job as a textbook editor in 1970. The highly successful short-story collection Will You Please Be Quiet, Please? (1976) established his reputation.
Carver began drinking heavily in 1967 and was repeatedly hospitalized for alcoholism in the 1970s, while continuing to turn out short stories. After conquering his drinking problem in the late 1970s, he taught for several years at the University of Texas and at Syracuse University, and in 1983 he won a literary award whose generous annual stipend freed him to again concentrate on his writing full-time.
In his short stories Carver chronicled the everyday lives and problems of the working poor in the Pacific Northwest. His blue-collar characters are crushed by broken marriages, financial problems, and failed careers, but they are often unable to understand or even articulate their own anguish. Carver’s stripped-down, minimalist prose style is remarkable for its honesty and power. He is credited with helping revitalize the genre of the English-language short story in the late 20th century.
He died of lung cancer at age 50.

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English Book Club: The grapes of wrath

The novel: The grapes of wrath

portadaThe Grapes of Wrath is an American realist novel, publishd in 1939.The book won several prizes, and it was cited prominently when Steinbeck was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1962.
The narrative begins just after Tom Joad is paroled from McAlester prison, where he had been imprisoned after being convicted of homicide. On his return to his home near Sallisaw, Oklahoma, Tom meets former preacher Jim Casy, whom he remembers from his childhood, and the two travel together. When they arrive at Tom’s childhood farm home, they find it deserted. The next morning, Tom finds his family loading their remaining possessions into a sedan converted to a truck; the family has defaulted on their bank loans, and their farm has been repossessed. Consequently, the Joads see no option but to seek work in California. Although leaving Oklahoma would violate his parole, Tom decides it is worth the risk, and invites Casy to join him and his family.
Steinbeck was known to have borrowed from field notes taken during 1938 by Farm Security Administration worker and author Sanora Babb. While Babb collected personal stories about the lives of the displaced migrants for a novel she was developing, her supervisor shared her reports with Steinbeck. Babb’s own novel, Whose Names Are Unknown, was eclipsed by the success of The Grapes of Wrath and was shelved until it was finally published in 2004, a year before Babb’s death.
While writing the novel at his home, Steinbeck had unusual difficulty devising a title. The Grapes of Wrath, suggested by his wife was deemed more suitable than anything by the author. The title is a reference to lyrics from “The Battle Hymn of the Republic”, by Julia Ward Howe. These lyrics refer, in turn, to the biblical passage Revelation 14:19–20. This and other biblical passages had inspired a long tradition of imagery of Christ in the winepress, in various media.
When preparing to write the novel, Steinbeck wrote: “I want to put a tag of shame on the greedy bastards who are responsible for this [the Great Depression and its effects].” He famously said, “I’ve done my damnedest to rip a reader’s nerves to rags.” This work won a large following among the working class due to Steinbeck’s sympathy for the migrants and workers’ movement, and his accessible prose style.

The author: John Steinbeck

John Ernst Steinbeck Jr. Born in Salinas, California, Steincame from a family of moderate means. He worked his way through college at Stanford University but never graduated. In 1925 he went to New York, where he tried for a few years to establish himself as a free-lance writer, but he failed and returned to California. After publishing some novels and short stories, Steinbeck first became widely known with Tortilla Flat (1935), a series of humorous stories about Monterey paisanos.
Steinbeck’s novels can all be classified as social novels dealing with the economic problems of rural labour, but there is also a streak of worship of the soil in his books, which does not always agree with his matter-of-fact sociological approach. After the rough and earthy humour of Tortilla Flat, he moved on to more serious fiction, often aggressive in its social criticism, to In Dubious Battle (1936), which deals with the strikes of the migratory fruit pickers on California plantations. This was followed by Of Mice and Men (1937), the story of the imbecile giant Lennie, and a series of admirable short stories collected in the volume The Long Valley (1938). In 1939 he published what is considered his best work, The Grapes of Wrath, the story of Oklahoma tenant farmers who, unable to earn a living from the land, moved to California where they became migratory workers.
Among his later works should be mentioned East of Eden (1952), The Winter of Our Discontent (1961), and Travels with Charley (1962), a travelogue in which Steinbeck wrote about his impressions during a three-month tour in a truck that led him through forty American states. He died in New York City in 1968.

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English Book Club: Do Androids Dream Of Electric Sheep?

The novel: Do Androids Dream Of Electric Sheep?

portadaFirst published in 1968, the novel is set in a post-apocalyptic San Francisco, where Earth’s life has been greatly damaged by nuclear global war. The book served as the primary basis for the 1982 film Blade Runner, and many elements and themes from it were used in its 2017 sequel Blade Runner 2049.

The main plot follows Rick Deckard, a bounty hunter who is tasked with “retiring” six escaped Nexus-6 model androids, that violently went rogue after their creation by the Rosen Association, and fled Mars for Earth; while a secondary plot follows John Isidore, a man of sub-par IQ who aids the fugitive androids. In connection with Deckard’s mission, the novel explores the issue of what it is to be human. Unlike humans, the androids are said to possess no sense of empathy.

Bounty-hunter Rick Deckard signs on to a new police mission in order to earn enough money to buy a live animal to replace his electric sheep, seeking greater existential fulfillment for himself and his depressed wife, Iran. Deckard visits the Rosen headquarters in Seattle to confirm the validity of a question-and-answer empathy test. Deckard is greeted by Rachael Rosen, who quickly fails his test. Rachael attempts to bribe Deckard into silence, but he verifies that she is indeed a Nexus-6 model used by Rosen to attempt to discredit the test.

Deckard soon meets a Soviet police contact who turns out to be one of the disguised Nexus-6 renegades. Deckard retires the android, then flies off to retire his next target. This android, however, has him arrested and detained at a police department he has never heard of by a police officer whom he is surprised never to have met. At this strange station, Deckard’s worldview is shaken when an official named Garland accuses Deckard himself of being an android. After a series of mysterious revelations at the station, Deckard ponders the ethical and philosophical questions his line of work raises regarding android intelligence, empathy, and what it means to be human.

The author: Philip K. Dick

Philip Kindred Dick.- (December 16, 1928 – March 2, 1982) was an American science fiction writer.

The 50’s and the early 60’s were very creative periods for Dick. He won the highest award in the science fiction world in 1962 for The Man In The High Castle. The 1970’s produced some of Dick’s best work and he continued to become well known in the science fiction community.

Philip K. Dick has been given many labels over the years and as his work has become more known since his death. The genre of science fiction was used as an outlet to break unfamiliar ground. His work is very experimental and questions the basis of our own existence. His own emotional and psychological states play a major role in the tone of his work throughout the years. Noticing the change in Dick’s writing style from the 50’s to the 80’s is a look at the struggles of a creative genius. His attempts to demonstrate the ever-expanding potential of the universe are personal journeys into his own realities.Philip K Dick writerHarperCollins Publishers

On February 20, 1974, while recovering from the effects of sodium pentothal administered for the extraction of an impacted wisdom tooth, Dick received a home delivery. When he opened the door, he was struck by the beauty of a dark-haired girl and was especially drawn to her golden necklace. After the woman’s departure, Dick began experiencing strange hallucinations. Although initially attributing them to side effects from medication, he considered this explanation implausible after weeks of continued hallucinations. Throughout February and March 1974, Dick experienced a series of hallucinations, which he referred to as “2-3-74”
On February 17, 1982, after completing an interview, Dick contacted his therapist, complaining of failing eyesight, and was advised to go to a hospital immediately, but did not. The next day, he was found unconscious on the floor. Five days later, on March 2, 1982, he was disconnected from life support and died.

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